Amusia
10 Short Texts for Speaking Voice

AMUSIA

1.

Aphasia is the loss or impairment of language abilities caused by brain damage.

Stroke or injury which affect the language areas of the brain can produce a variety of abnormal speech patterns.

One kind of aphasia results in patients speaking nonsense. Another involves patients who may not comprehend the speech around them.

Some patients may have difficulty naming objects. Others may not be able to repeat sentences.

In another kind of aphasia, patients may repeat what they hear without understanding it. Other patients may not be able to speak spontaneously.

In certain aphasics, the rules of grammar are affected, and speech becomes slow or labored. These patients omit verbs, inflections, and important function words. Others use the wrong ones.

Some stroke victims suffer from anomia, where they find it difficult or impossible to retrieve nouns. Different patients have trouble with different kinds of nouns. Some cannot name fruits and vegetables, while others lack the ability to name animals.

Patients who suffer from a syndrome known as Pure Word Deafness cannot recognize spoken words, but can read and speak, and can recognize other sounds around them.

2.

Stroke victims sometimes suffer from a rare condition known as amusia.

Amusia results from damage to the temporal lobes of the brain, where primary auditory circuits are located.

Amusia affects one's ability to recognize familiar music or songs.

In a familiar song, the words and certain nonmusical associations are recognizable. Human voices, animal cries, traffic sounds and other common auditory patterns are easily recognized. While musical information is forgotten.

Damage to specialized brain circuits known as feature detectors, which are responsible for recognizing elements of musical texture such as pitch, dynamics, and rhythm, may account for only the music being affected.