Movt. 4 from Audubon Birds for Flute Solo
Movt. 4 from Audubon Birds for Flute Solo


HummingbirdsThe score contains twelve 6x9-inch color images of birds ‘drawn from nature’ by the legendary artist and naturalist John J. Audubon. A set of integers is superimposed on each image. The image is displayed on a single page, and represents one section or movement of the music.

Individual prints of the birds were scanned into a computer, the integers superimposed, then the completed image output to a photo quality color printer. In some cases the background has been truncated. The name of each bird is displayed in the upper right corner of the image.

The integers used in the score were drawn from the names of the various birds. The integers placed on each image were determined by the letters in the alphabet which spell-out the name. The letter 'a' corresponds to the number 1, the letter 'b' to 2, and so on.

Play a sound-group for each integer located within the image. Integers represent the number of sounds to be played for each sound-group. Each integer corresponds to a single sound-group and indicates the number of sounds to be played for that group.

Larger integers may be subdivided for ease of counting. Read all integers once only.

A sound-group contains a succession of tones. Sound-groups may consist of varied and contrasting patterns, melodic patterns, rhythmic patterns, ascending and descending patterns, shaped phrases and gestures, repeated patterns, repeated tones, etc.

Musical elements for each sound-group such as pitch, dynamics, speed, rhythm and articulation are free.

A trill, tremolo, duplet, triplet, glissando, flutter-tongue, etc. counts as one sound. Grace-notes are not counted.

Play each sound-group independently of any other. Any sound-group may or may not be followed by a silence. Fractional silences may occur within a single sound-group.

Overall, silences between sound-groups should be varied to preserve the continuity of the music. Varied silences should range from a fraction of a second to several seconds.

Integers distributed on the page may be read in any order, but are most easily read from top to bottom. Movements are read sequentially (from 1 through 12).

The images are to be projected in succession (Nos. 1 – 12) on a large screen, so that both the player and the image may be seen from the audience. Each image is to be projected on the screen for the same duration the music for that image is being played.

An accompanying CDROM disc is included with the score. The disc contains screen files (jpeg) of the twelve images, which may be loaded onto a MAC or PC hard drive. The computer is then connected to a digital projector. Any slide-show software, such as PowerPoint, can be used to project the images.

Optional: In Movt. 4 (Hummingbird), the Piccolo may be substituted for the Flute. In Movt. 7 (Raven), the Alto Flute may be substituted. In Movt. 12 (Wren), the Soprano Recorder may be employed.

Optional: Signal processing devices or techniques may be employed as timbral enhancement to the music. In general, the Flute should be dominant, while the electronically processed sounds play a more supporting role.